Week ending July 8, 2016
S.1252 Global Food Security Act of 2016
The bill requires the President to develop and implement a Global Food Security Strategy to promote global food security, resilience, and nutrition as in the interest of US national security.
The plans and activities would place food insecure countries on a path toward self-sufficiency and economic freedom by coordinating U.S. assistance programs;
accelerate inclusive, agricultural-led economic growth that reduces global poverty, hunger, and malnutrition;
increase the productivity, incomes, and livelihoods of small-scale producers;
build resilience to food shocks among vulnerable populations and households while reducing reliance upon emergency food assistance;
create an environment for agricultural growth and investment;
improve the nutritional status of women and children;
align with and leverage U.S strategies and investments in trade, economic growth, science and technology, agriculture research and extension, maternal and child health, nutrition, and water, sanitation, and hygiene;
strengthen partnerships between U.S. and foreign universities that build agricultural capacity; and
ensure the effective use of taxpayer dollars in achieving these objectives.
The President must submit the strategy, including agency-specific plans, to Congress by October 1, 2016.
‘…it is U.S. policy to fully leverage, enhance, and expand the impact and reach of available U.S. humanitarian resources to mitigate the effects of manmade and natural disasters by utilizing innovative new approaches to delivering aid.’
(Full text of S. 1252 at congress.gov)
Sponsor: Sen Casey, Robert P., Jr. [PA] (introduced 5/7/2015) Cosponsors (15)
Status: 9/18/2015–Passed Senate amended / Passed House /
VOTES and FLOOR ACTION
On Passage: On motion to suspend the rules and pass the bill Agreed to by the Yeas and Nays: (2/3 required): 369 – 53 (Roll no. 354).
Motion to recommit:
Text of the motion:
On Passage: Passed Senate amended
COST AND IMPACT
Cost to the taxpayers: The bill would authorize the appropriation of almost $3.8 billion each for 2017 and 2018 for programs to implement that strategy and to provide assistance following international disasters. Assuming appropriation of those specified amounts, CBO estimates that implementing S. 1252 would cost $7.3 billion over the 2017-2021 period (most of the remainder would be spent after 2021).
Pay-as-you-go requirements: Pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply to S. 1252 because it would not affect direct spending or revenues.
Regulatory and Other Impact: S. 1252 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) and would impose no costs on state, local, or tribal governments.
Dynamic Scoring: CBO estimates that enacting the legislation would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2027.
Duplication of programs:
Advisory Committee Statement:
Constitutional Authority: Assumed.
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