Week ending May 19, 2017
H.R.510 – Rapid DNA Act of 2017
H.R. 510 will establish a system for integration of Rapid DNA instruments for use by law enforcement to reduce violent crime and reduce the current DNA analysis backlog.
The FBI created the National DNA Index system that allows DNA testing to be done by accredited state labs. DNA testing van now be done in a matter of hours and the results allow for the indexing of suspects similar to fingerprinting. Turnaround time due to backlogs, however, can take weeks.
The bill aims to increase the use of Rapid DNA technology which is an automated process expected to reduce the backlog and provide a quicker response time.
The bill, then, “requires the Director of the FBI to issue standards and procedures for the use of Rapid DNA instruments and resulting analyses. It also amends the DNA Identification Act of 1994 to include laboratories that are independently accredited and undergo external audits not less than every two years.”
The Director must also ‘appoint an advisory board on DNA quality assurance methods from among nominations proposed by the head of the National Academy of Sciences and professional societies of crime laboratory officials.’
‘The advisory board shall include as members scientists from State, local, and private forensic laboratories, molecular geneticists and population geneticists not affiliated with a forensic laboratory, and a representative from the National Institute of Standards and Technology.’
‘The advisory board shall develop, and if appropriate, periodically revise, recommended standards for quality assurance, including standards for testing the proficiency of forensic laboratories, and forensic analysts, in conducting analyses of DNA.’
(Full text of H.R. 510 at congress.gov)
Sponsor: Rep. Sensenbrenner, F. James, Jr. [R-WI-5] (Introduced 01/12/2017)
Status: Passed House /
VOTES and FLOOR ACTION
On Passage: On motion to suspend the rules and pass the bill Agreed to by voice vote
Motion to recommit:
Text of the motion:
COST AND IMPACT
Cost to the taxpayers: CBO estimates that implementing the bill would cost less than $500,000 annually; such spending would be subject to the availability of appropriated funds.
Pay-as-you-go requirements: Enacting the legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.
Regulatory and Other Impact: H.R. 510 contains no intergovernmental or private-sector mandates as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act and would not affect the budgets of state, local, or tribal governments.
Dynamic Scoring: CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 510 would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2028.
Tax Complexity: Not applicable to this bill.
Earmark Certification: Data not available
Duplication of programs: No provision of H.R. 510 establishes or reauthorizes a program of the Federal government known to be duplicative of another Federal program
Direct Rule-Making: The Committee estimates that H.R. 510 specifically directs to be completed no specific rule makings within the meaning of 5 U.S.C. 551.
Advisory Committee Statement: Data not available
Budget Authority: Data not available
Constitutional Authority: Assumed.
More Bill Information:
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