Week ending July 28, 2017
H.R.3364 – Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act
The bill states its purpose “To provide congressional review and to counter aggression by the Governments of Iran, the Russian Federation, and North Korea, and for other purposes.”
To that end –
Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 2 years thereafter, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Treasury, and the Director of National Intelligence shall jointly develop and submit to the appropriate congressional committees and leadership a strategy for deterring conventional and asymmetric Iranian activities and threats that directly threaten the United States and key allies in the Middle East, North Africa, and beyond.
Sanctions are added regarding anyone involved in Iran’s ballistic missile system that would tie up any assets in the US and would refuse a US visa.
More sanctions are added against anyone responsible for extrajudicial killings, torture, or other gross violations of internationally recognized human rights committed against individuals in Iran who seek to expose illegal activity carried out by officials of the Government of Iran; or to obtain, exercise, defend, or promote internationally recognized human rights and freedoms, such as the freedoms of religion, expression, association, and assembly, and the rights to a fair trial and democratic elections
Reports are due on coordination of sanctions between the United States and the European Union and US citizens detained by Iran.
The President may waive, on a case-by-case basis and for a period of not more than 180 days, a requirement to impose or maintain sanctions with respect to a person, and may waive the continued imposition of such sanctions, not less than 30 days after the President determines and reports to the appropriate congressional committees that it is vital to the national security interests of the United States to waive such sanctions.
Sanction on Russia are increased under the bill that first codifies current sanctions, and imposes sanctions from Russia undermining cybersecurity, some crude oil projects, to involvement in foreign financial institutions and general corruption in the Russian Federation including human rights violations.
More specifically the sanctions would be levied on individuals engaging in transactions with the intelligence or defense sectors of the Government of the Russian Federation, pipeline development in Russia, state-owned assets, the transfer of arms to Syria.
The bill also establishes US policy regarding Russian influence in Europe and Eurasia and countering those threats.
Combatting terrorist financing
The bill give much authority to the US Treasury to monitoring funds transfers and international cooperation to counter terror financing.
The bill supports sanctions to enforce and implement United Nations Security Council sanctions against North Korea and aims to end or limit assistance to governments that are noncompliant regarding North Korea’s missile program and threats.
Other sanctions aim at forced labor and slavery of overseas North Koreans.
Already the subject to sanctions the bill aims to counter Iran’s ‘destabilizing activities by establishing a regional strategy for countering such threats in the Middle East and North Africa. Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 2 years thereafter, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Treasury, and the Director of National Intelligence shall jointly develop and submit to the appropriate congressional committees and leadership a strategy for deterring conventional and asymmetric Iranian activities and threats that directly threaten the United States and key allies in the Middle East, North Africa, and beyond.
(Full text of H.R. 3364 at congress.gov)
Sponsor: Rep. Royce, Edward R. [R-CA-39] (Introduced 07/24/2017)
Status: Passed House / Passed Senate /
VOTES and FLOOR ACTION
On Passage: Passed/agreed to in House: On motion to suspend the rules and pass the bill Agreed to by the Yeas and Nays: (2/3 required): 419 – 3 (Roll no. 413).
Motion to recommit:
Text of the motion:
On Passage: The bill was passed by a vote of 98–2.
COST AND IMPACT
Cost to the taxpayers: Data not available
Pay-as-you-go requirements: Data not available
Regulatory and Other Impact: Data not available
Dynamic Scoring: Data not available
Tax Complexity: Not applicable to this bill.
Earmark Certification: Data not available
Duplication of programs: Data not available
Direct Rule-Making: Data not available
Advisory Committee Statement: Data not available
Budget Authority: Data not available
Constitutional Authority: Assumed.
More Bill Information:
Copyright 2017 Legislation News & Report, LLC
All Rights Reserved